What is the New Covenant? First, let's talk about what a covenant is. A covenant is an agreement between two parties. It can be between God and man. Man and wife. And so on.
The new covenant is an agreement between God and man. God puts in place the terms of His covenant and man can choose if they want to abide by those terms. In order for one to have a covenant with God, we have to accept His terms and live by them.
The old covenant was established by God with His people. It was the Old Testament Mosaic Law. Priests performed rituals and sacrifices to take away the sins of the people. Because the wages of sin is death. Romans 6:2323 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. Jesus came to fulfill the law of Moses. Amen?!!
So what is the New Covenant? Jesus. Jesus is the new covenant. Let's look at Jeremiah 31:31-3331 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the Lord:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
We see above that the new covenant would be written on our hearts. The old covenant was written on stone. This is possible because of faith in Jesus who shed is own blood for the sins of man. Amen!??
Now that we are under the new covenant, we are no longer under the penalty of the law. We can receive salvation by the blood of Jesus. We can choose to receive salvation as a free gift. Amen!?! This is the new covenant between God and man.
This is through the Holy Spirit who dwells in the hearts of repentant believers. Romans 8:9-11 9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.10 And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.
Hebrews 9:11-1511 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
Jesus became our high priest. He was our sacrifice. His blood paid the debt for our sins. He is the mediator of the new testament. Thank you Jesus.